Al Tafseer - Biannual Journal 2020-08-02T10:13:53+00:00 Dr. Muhammad Hassan Khan Auj Open Journal Systems <p>Al-Tafseer is a Bi Annual Research Journal recognized by HEC in 'Y' category. It was founded by Prof Dr Hafiz Muhammad Shakil Auj shaheed in January 2005, who was D.Litt scholar of Islamic studies. Since than it's continued even after his assassination, and currently Dr Hafiz Muhammad Sohail Shafiq is it's editor. Idea of Al-Tafseer was to provide a platform to research oriented minds of different school of thoughts to discuss the issues pertaining to Islamic code of life in this modern age and their solutions, keeping Islam n this modern age industrial revolution in balance. It will keep striving to strenthen up this process of debate and dialogue through research, especially among religious scholars .</p> <p><strong>Article Processing Charge:&nbsp;</strong>There is no cost attached to the publication in Al Tafseer - Biannual Journal, at any point in time, during or after the publication process.</p> <p><strong>Peer Review Policy:&nbsp;</strong>All research articles published in Al Tafseer - Biannual Journal go through an initial editor screening followed by a rigorous double-blind peer review by two anonymous referees.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ایڈورڈ ہینری پامر کے انگریزی ترجمہ قرآن کا تنقیدی جائزہ 2020-07-31T09:41:47+00:00 Muhammed Sultan Shah Hafiz Khurshed Ahmed Qadri <p>Edward Henry Palmer was a polyglot orientalist. He translated the Holy Qur’ān in 1880. He was not as prejudiced as other western translator of the Holy Qur’ān had been in their works. Palmer's rendering is also not free from errors. He had been allowed a short period to accomplish this task. He rendered such a serious assignment in haste. His tragic murder did not allow him to revise his translation. He was killed two years after publication of this translation. He has left out some complete verses of the text untranslated. At some places, he has missed parts of verses and at other places he has skipped some Arabic words. This paper examines the background, methodology, presentation, language and errors of Palmer's translation of the Holy Qur’ān.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## اردو ترجمہ قرآن پر آیات کے کلامی پہلوؤں کے لحاظ کا اثر 2020-07-31T09:52:37+00:00 Muhammed Shahid Habib Hafiz Muhammed Tahir Al Mustafa <p>The Quran is the basic source of eternal orders of Allah Almighty. So, it has been the responsibility of all scholars in every era to perform their duty for translation and interpretation of The Holy Quran. The work in Urdu translation of The Holy Quran has been started in1776 in Indo-Pak Sub continent. The translators had different tastes, sects and belief (Kalami) tendencies and this is a natural need, from which we can't keep ourselves away. The effect of these belief (Kalami) tendencies of translators can be observed in the translations of The Holy Quran which has the both positive and negative effects on the meanings of The Holy Quran.ٔThe comparative and descriptive research methodology will be applied in it to achieve objectives of the research.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## ترجمہ قرآن کے اصول(شاہ ولی اللہؒ کی آرا کاتحقیقی مطالعہ) 2020-07-31T10:06:43+00:00 Syed Saqib Gilani Zahoor Ullah Al Azhari <p>The Holy Quran is the last revealed book. The main topic of the Holy Quran is human beings. It provides eternal guidance to the whole of mankind. Therefore, Islamic scholars have been working to communicate the teachings of the Holy Quran to the people in every era. Shah Waliullah is the first scholar of the sub-continent Indo-Pak, who translated the Holy Quran in Persian language. Shah Waliullah had to face severe opposition in this regard. But the coming time testified his great step in this regard. Shah Waliullah and his family had valuable services for Islam and the Holy Quran. Shah Waliullah has also described the basic principles of translating the Holy Quran into other languages. These principles have been discussed in this article.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## مفتی محمد شفیع عثمانی کی تفسیرمعارف القرآن کا خصوصی جائزہ 2020-07-31T10:28:10+00:00 Shakir Hussain Khan <p>Famous Deobandi, religious scholar Mufti Mohammad Shafi Usmani, was born in 1897 in Deoband District, Saharanpur, India. He received his religious education from Darul Uloom Deoband, India and started offering his religious services there. He supported the Muslim League along with Allama Shabbir Ahmed Usmani at the request of Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanhvi in<br>Pakistan movement. After the establishment of Pakistan he came to Karachi and founded Darul Uloom Karachi.<br>Mufti Shafi wrote Tafseer e Quran in eight volumes in Urdu language with the name of Maarif-ul-Quran. He addressed most of the jurisprudential problems in his Tafseer. He was also the author of many other books. In this article, the author has reviewed "Maarif-ul-Quran with different aspects.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## ادائے حدیث میں روایت بالمعنی کی حثییت و نوعیت (تجزیاتی مطالعہ) 2020-07-31T10:32:21+00:00 Malik Kamran <p>Allah has taken the responsibility to protect the Quran. So Allah has sent many people for the protection of Hadith. These people have saved Hadith in written from Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) and they were the first companion of our beloved Prophet. Those sahaba listened the words of hadith and understood the meanings of it. They transferred Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH)' saying in accordance with his order. To describe the hadith, sahaba had used different words to explain but these words gave same meaning of that hadith. Sahaba, Mohaddiseen, Fuqaha have different point of views that whether it is right to explain the words of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) by meaning or not. Below is the analysis of the said matter.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## بنی اسرائیل سے متعلق قصص النساءصحیح ابن حبان کی روشنی میں 2020-07-31T10:37:23+00:00 Muhammed Naveed Muhammed Nawaz <p>“Sahih Ibn-e-Habban” is a scholastic master piece of Imam Ibn-e-Habban in which Ahadith were collected on the base of modern rules and principles developed by himself. Imam Ibn-e-Habban has also discussed the stories of women along with other science and arts through story-telling Ahadith. The word “قصص” (Stories) is from Arabic language, the singular of which is “قصّہ” (story). The original meaning of the word “قصہ” is any narration or event from near past and the same meaning is used in denomination. Human has natural tendency towards stories and narrations. Prophets, Saints and Scholars were intended towards stories and narrations clearly, and they continued their preach and the lessons of didactic and moral aspects. Even, the manners of conduct regarding Quran and Sunnah also inclined to stories and narrations. It’s not only enjoyable to read story-telling Ahadith, but moral and didactic lessons might also be obtained through these Ahadith, which may not be obtained by direct preach of exhortations and injunctions sometimes. In the same way Prophetic Ahadith provides preachable discussions regarding the stories of women. Based on this aspect the topic “Preachable Discussions Regarding the Stories of Women in Israelites; A Specific Study of Sahih Ibn-e-Habban” was selected.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## اسلامو فوبیا کے بنیادی محرکات کا تجزیہ وتدارکاسلامی تناظر میں 2020-07-31T10:48:32+00:00 Mubashir Hussain Jamil Akhter <p>The history of the interaction between Islam and the “others,” particularly the West--- that is spread over the span of fourteen centuries--- is full of surprises ranging from learning, peace, alliance and co-existence to hate, controversies and war and beyond. Hence, both the ends took advantages to understand each other but unfortunately the dark side of this interaction has been visible on many occasions because of certain reasons including the stereotypes associated with Islam. The history of the Crusades might be a relevant example in this context, which allows the observers to better understand the various factors behind the conflict between Islam and the West. Some people in the West, relying upon the prevailing stereotypes, consider Islam as a religion of violence and extremism that intends to forcefully "Islamize" the Western world. On the other hand, there are some circles in the Islamic world that believe in the similar stereotypes associated with the West and its civilization. This paper attempts to identify the various domestic and international trajectories of Islamophobia---for the attention of policy makers and think tanks---in order to address them from the Islamic religious perspective with the aim to bring about a constructive change to the socio-religious outlook of the hardliners of each end.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## .تدوین فقہ اسلامی کی مساعی (دوسری صدی ہجری کا خصوصی مطالعہ) 2020-07-31T10:52:32+00:00 Yasir Arafat <p>Science of Fiqh is representative of legal aspect of Islam. Its foundations were also laid in the time of Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) like other major Islamic Sciences. Muslim Scholarship did great effort to preserve, compile and transform the science of Fiqh since its beginning. Orientalists tried to show in their writings that Muslims had no legal system and literature regarding law and legal matters in their beginning period. While reality is that science of Fiqh was introduced by Holy Quran and Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) and Prophet himself laid its foundations and developed it. Literature regarding law and legal affairs existed and compiled in the time period of Prophet and the later part of first Hijrah century. This article deals with the efforts of Muslim Scholars of second century in the field of Fiqh and elaborates their contribution to the compilation of this science.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## .مکی ومدنی آیات احکام میں تسلسل وارتقاء 2020-08-02T10:13:53+00:00 Muhammed Ibrahim Nasir Udin <p>The life of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) divided into two periods: Makki and Madni. Likely, there are two specific divisions found in Tafaseer and Hadith books: Makki era and Madni era. Generally it is understood that they are two separate eras, which are completely different from each other. Even this delusion is found about Quranic Verses which are divided as Makki and Madni Verses and Surahs. From this aspect orientalist objected Islam too. But the fact is that the rules of Islam come according to the conditions of whom Islam spoke to or according to the circumstances and situations at the time of Revelation. So there is the consistency in the revelations, whether they are revealed in Makkah or Madina. But the strong link between these two eras is that the Ahkam, which are revealed in Makkah, are principles and Madani Ahkams are the interpretation of them.<br>It has been proved in this article that Islam is the completion of Deen e Hanif and there is a consistency between Makki and Madni era. The division of Makki and Madni era in history is just to describe the specific background of revealed verses and Ahkam.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## .پرامن معاشرے کی تشکیل میں اسلامی حدود کی ضرورت و افادیت 2020-07-31T11:04:24+00:00 Attaul Mustafa Muhammed Iqbal <p>The present study has tried to prove that most of the Jurists besides Ahnaf are of the opinion that the crimes upon which Hadd is imposed are seven in number: Zina, Sariqa, Qazaf, Shurb-e-khamr, Harabah, Irtidaad and Qisas. On the contrary, most of the Ahnaf describe them as five in number: Zina, Sariqa, Qazaf, Shurb-e-Khamr and Suqer and they consider Haraba parallel to Sariqa. According to the Ahnaf, Hadd is imposed on the punishment of those crimes which are related specifically to the rights of Allah, whereas most of the Jurists don’t differentiate among the rights of Allah and the rights of the people in terms of defining the Hadd. According to them, Hadd can also be imposed on Qisas but according to Ahnaf, Hadd cannot be applied on Qisas. The purpose of the imposition of Hadood is to reform the people for the establishment of peace in society avoiding the conflict and violence. The concept of Hadood is found not only in Islam but other religions have also focused on them. The crimes that are directly related to rights of Allah as Zina and drinking alcohol, cannot be exonerated even by the court of law and further, the crimes that are related both to the rights of Allah and rights of the people can be exonerated when it is among the convicted but when reaches to the court of law, cannot be&nbsp;exonerated even by the court of law. In the imposition of Hadood, the unlawful relief and tolerance is strongly condemned as in this case, the purpose of Hadood gets wasted.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## خواتین کا حقِ وراثت قران و سنت ا ورپاکستانی عدالتی فیصلوں کے تناظر میں تجزیاتی مطالعہ 2020-07-31T18:10:18+00:00 Musarat Malik Manzoor Ahmed Al Azhary <p>This paper aims to discuss the prime aspects of the rights of inheritance for women in Pakistan. It has clearly mentioned in Quran and Hadith that the right of inheritance is preserved for the women as well as for the men. Civil law of Pakistan also provides the women with full security regarding this. Despite this force of Law and Sharia, there are countless cases in courts of Pakistan being heard by Civil, High and Supreme Court which indicate that the exploitation of women right in inheritance is taking place at large scale. It is important to take this sensitive situation into account and spread light on it with the intention to explore the core issue in order to raise the voice about women rights. Courts in Pakistan have paid particular attention toward solving this problem and a number of judgments have come into appearances which are helpful to understanding the reasons and causes of this type of exploitations. In this paper, teachings of Quran and Hadith have been put forward regarding women rights in inheritance, followed by presentation of legal judgments about the cases solved by courts.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## .جج کے تقرر سے متعلق قواعد فقہیہ کا پاکستانی قوانین سے تطبیق کا جائزہ 2020-07-31T11:20:19+00:00 Hafiz Muhammed Ishaq Muhammed Hamayun Abbas Shams <p>The Islam has stressed the importance of “‘ADL” in various contexts, indicating its great and deep significance in social relationships. It is the purpose and objective of all the Prophets of Allah to establish a system of justice on earth. In the early days of Islam the Prophet (PBUH) himself was the only judge among believers and non-believers. Caliph Umar bin al-Khattab was the first who separated judiciary from the executive and entrusted the Qadhis (judges) with power of deciding suits of purely civil nature. Independence of judiciary can hardly become reality unless competent judges are appointed in the judiciary. The role of a judge is very crucial and critical because he has the power to award proper punishment and also to decide civil cases on merits. To ensure the justice according to the Islam in consonance with the will of Allah, qualified, powerful and fearless persons should be appointed as judges. Because a position of judge is a trust for the benefit of public. The person appointed to it is a trustee and is accountable for the proper performance of the duties attached to such trust. The judge in the Islam enjoys full freedom and work quite independently without being influenced by any political pressure. The legal maxims are based on the fiqh itself. A legal maxim is reflective of a consolidated reading of the fiqh. Islamic Legal Maxims represent an important are of fiqh literature. Islamic legal&nbsp;maxim has similarity to the judicial rules in many aspects, there for I analyses the appointment of judges as a comparative study in light of Islamic legal maxim and Pakistani laws. The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, for instance, provides for the establishment of a judiciary which is independent from the other two branches of government. As per the wording of 1973 Constitution , The Chief Justice and the other judges of each Court are appointed by the President based on their experience and qualifications (article 193 (2))۔ I learnt after the study that a great difference and Contradiction was found between the constitution of Pakistan and Islamic legal maxim in Perspective of the appointment of judges.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## مالی معاملات میں اجارہ کاتعارف اور عصرحاضر میں اس میں لگائی جانے والی شروط کے اثرات کا شرعی جائزہ 2020-07-31T18:11:05+00:00 Khalilul Rehman <p>Leasing is a vital part of economic activities. It plays an undeniable role in market. Everyone does not have his own home, shop or building etc., but by leasing we get benefits from other properties. Due to not paying rent on time the owner sometime is compelled put in a dispute with a leaseholder. This dispute result in regulating the beneficiary, the one who needs to rent a home or shop. The owner sets a variety of rules and conditions for leaser and makes it mandatory to fulfill them. In this research paper we will first analyze these conditions being applied in various modern type of leasing and then will come with Shariah principals for this conditions in the light of Quran and Sunnah, in order to satisfy the owner and lease holder both.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## .اسلامی بینکاری میں سیونگ اکاؤنٹ کا تحقیقی جائزہ 2020-07-31T11:27:52+00:00 Muhammed Noman Karim <p>The saving account of Islamic banking is based on the principles of Sharikah (participation by capital) or Mudarabah (participation by capital from one side and by work from other side), which are the preferred methods of financing and investment by Qur'an, Sunnah and the consensus of Ummah. Legislation has been taken place globally and nationally to ensure that the saving account of Islamic banking remains compatible with the principles of Sharikah or Mudarabah. Internally and externally, various Departments / Teams have been formed for checking up and ensuring the compliance of Islamic banking practices including saving account with the Shariah principles as well as the regulatory instructions.<br>The Process of Islamic banks with respect to the saving account is that they do business with the funds provided by their depositors on the basis of Sharikah or Mudarabah and make them shareholder in the profits earned. Therefore, in the light of Shariah rulings, this practice of Islamic banks is valid and to take profit from this account is lawful by Shariah, and it is not correct to think of it as a conventional banks’ saving account, because conventional banks borrow interest based loans for their saving account from account holders and pay interest on loans.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## .ذکر اوردعا ذہنی سکون کے ذرائعاردو تفاسیر کے تناظر میں موضوعاتی مطالعہ 2020-07-31T11:31:34+00:00 Muhammed Akram Harairy Muhammed Sohail <p>The teachings of Quran &amp; Sunnah tell us that Allah Al-Mighty loves the persons who always remember and pray to him. The concept of remembering to Allah and beg from Him in prayers at every moment is according to the nature. As a matter of fact, the acceptance of Dua is only possible on remembering to Allah Al-Mighty. All the human beings commit the sins in one form or the other. However, the countless mercy of Allah is showered upon the persons in the shape of “remembering to Allah (Zikr)” or Pray to Allah (Dua). The concept of Zikr gives a new life into the sinful soul of human being. The Dua is the source to seek mercy and reward of Allah Al-Mighty revitalizes the enthusiasm of worship in the Muslim. The exercise of Zikr and concept of acceptance of Dua provide the peace of mind, consolation and satisfaction of heart to the Muslims. The Zikr and Dua enable him to reconnect himself to his Lord. Once a person who is bestowed his reward by Allah Al-Mighty, he feels complete tranquility in his mind &amp; heart. This article will investigate the multiple verses of Quran &amp; Prophetic Sunnah concerning the Ziker and Duas, and how it helps us to get the peace of mind and attain satisfaction of heart.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## قرآن پاک کی تدریس میں سمعی وبصری معاونات کا مؤثر استعمال 2020-07-31T11:34:59+00:00 Manzoor Ahmed Shaikh Aqeel Ahmed <p>The importance of AVIAIDS Materials in any learning process cannot be over emphasized. This is for the fact that such materials enhance, facilitate and make learning easy, lively and concrete. The aim of this paper therefore, is to look in to the significance of AVIAIDS in the effective teaching/learning of Quran. It also attempts to shed more light on the way teaching/learning of Quran should be made to benefit from the modern technological advancement. It also investigates the Islamic point of view on AVIAIDS in the teaching/Learning process. The methodology employed in this study was derived from books, journals, archives, newspapers, reports, internet, the Holy Quran and Ahadith. The paper revealed that teaching/learning with AVIAIDS is not a new phenomenon in Islam, it has been traced to the Holy Quran and the Holy Prophet who used AVIAIDS at several occasions in the process of teaching. It recommended that, Quranic teachers need to select or improvise suitable AVIAIDS to facilitate learning and motivate their students. It finally offers some suggestions on how to make good use of AVIAIDS for a better learning of the Holy Quran.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## .سیداسعد گیلانی کی سیرت نگاری ایک تحقیقی مطالعہ 2020-07-31T11:38:42+00:00 Allah Wasaya Akhter Sanjrani <p>This Article consists of the analysis of books written by Syed Asad Gilani. Syed Asad Gilani was associated with the school of thought of Syed Maulana Modudi and hence he authored books to highlight pragmatic aspect of life and character of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.). Miracle of Character, Miracle of Qur’an, and Miracle of speech of Muhammad (S.A.W.) made the bloodless Revolution possible in a short period of 23 years. Two Books of Asad Gilani viz “Rasool-e-Akram (S.A.W.) Ki Hikmat-e-Inqilab[ Policy of Revolution]” and “Huzoor-e-Akram (S.A.W.) Ki Hijrat [migration], have been chosen for detailed study and the outcome of which presented here under. It is a fact that Syed Asad Gilani selected his topics from among numerous ones in order to shed light of pragmatically fit aspect of life of Muhammad (S.A.W.). He penned over the themes in simple, literary and attractive manner. Acclamation of various critics of relevant subject has also been reproduced to strengthen appreciative attitude of the research scholar for the books of Syed Asad Gilani.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Shah Wali Allah and the tafsir al-Quran biI Quran 2020-07-31T18:12:07+00:00 Munir Wasti <p>The tafsir of the Quran by the Quran is the most ancient methodology of explaining the Quran text. In this essay, we exhibit the progress of this approach through the centuries with especial reference to Shah WaliAllah.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Abdel Haleem as a Translator of the Holy Quran 2020-07-31T18:12:48+00:00 Hafiz Sfarish Ali Faisal Rashid Gohar <p>This paper covers brief history and evolution of Qur‟ānic translation, short biographical sketch of the translator and his approach to the translation of the Holy Scripture of Islam. Abdel Haleem is an Egyptian Muslim scholar of Arabic language, literature and Islamic studies. He has been teaching in different universities of the UK since 1966. Presently he is serving as professor of Islamic Studies at SOAS (School of Oriental and African Studies), University of London. He produced his English translation of the Holy Qur‟ān titled as “The Qur‟ān: A New Translation” in 2004 published by Oxford University Press. The translation received appreciation from the modern reader of the Qur‟ān because it has been presented in brief and simplified language, easy style, accurate rendition and balanced approach.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Quranic Concept of Loss Khusran An Analytical Study of Selected Contemporary Urdu Exegeses 2020-07-31T18:13:40+00:00 Rizwan Rasheed Dr.Muhammad Saeed Shaikh <p>This article is an attempt to have detail insight about notion of Loss and failure from Qur‟ānic prospective. Nature of human success and failure has been discussed &amp; defined even in oldest philosophical texts. Prophets (PBUT) of Allah Almighty, Intellectuals, philosophers, academics, saints did express different theories and philosophies regarding human success and loss. Allah has sent forth in every nation a Messenger with divine mission to save mankind from loss and failure. Mankind‟s success and salvation was the prime concern of Holy Prophets (PBUT). In postmodern era, human society and culture is suffering through critical and vulnerable situation around the globe. Because of materialistic approach, people as individuals and societies, are so driven to accumulate possession and wealth to be successful. It is being observed that in Muslim communities, worldly materialistic approach is developing which ultimately causing harmful impact to Islamic social teachings. All the while, Qur‟ānic parameter of success and loss is balanced which encompasses not only this world but hereafter too. This research study endorsed that by promoting Qur‟ānic concept of loss and failure, an ideal welfare society can be developed where survival of each individual is promised with dignity and security. By consulting Urdu exegeses, Qur‟ānic concept of loss and failure is brought into light in this article.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Islam s Normative Discourse on Crime and Punishment 2020-07-31T18:13:53+00:00 Dr.Ghulam Shabbir Dr. Naeema Saeed <p>Islam entertains a balanced approach to address crime on moral and legal planes as per requirement of time, space and causality. On legal plane it legislates in light of exigencies of time; on moral plane it sets forth eternal or universal values the society is destined to. So, in fact Islam develops a moral sense in an individual and society against crime not through interdiction and sanction but gradually, gently, exactingly, understandingly, and at deep level. But in an ultimate sense Islam is not oblivious of the forces and dictates of history; it forestalls crime with the force of law. However, the ignored fact is that punishments in Islam are means to an end not end itself.<br>This paper intends to bring forward that what went wrong with original intent and purposes behind punishments and their implementation that to some modern minds these instead of abolishing or decelerating crimes have become accelerator of the same. This would be based on qualitative research. It would be a survey of historical formulations of the thinkers of Islamic jurisprudence. In this paper philosophy of code Romane, English jurisprudence and other known legal traditions regarding crime and punishment would also be brought forth so that it could be easier to grasp the stand of Islam in this crucial social parlance.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## An Analytical Approach to the Impact of Islamic Concept of Rights on the West 2020-07-31T18:14:06+00:00 Dr.Rashida Parveen Ayesha Jadoon <p>Nowadays, every society and individual speaks for his Rights. At present, two frames of Lawsare prevailing, one the Islamic and the other Western.Islam is the culture for which human rights is not a new thing. The word „right‟ is too much common, known and widespread that even from a common man with low mental capability to an intellectual is aware of its meaning and importance.Theoretically both Islam and western world emphasize on the importance of Human Rights. When it comes to the Human Rights, contents are though same but, Islam opposes discrimination whether of any type like caste, creed, sex, race and religion. Almost every document of the Human Rights states that all individuals are equal and entitle to the basic Human Rights but when it comes to the output, there is total violation and infringement of the norms in Islamic and western world alike. If one looks in the history of Human Rights he can conclude the fact, that was Islam that paved path for the world for the formulation of Human Rights in the seventh century while for the west, late 18th and 19th centuries witnessed the codification of Human Rights documents.1The aim of this paper is not the comparison between Islamic and western law rather the only purpose is to prove that Islam had given details of&nbsp;Human Rights in 7th century where as the commencement of western law was much late. So this paper appraises the analytical approach to the impact of Islamic concept of Rights on the west.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Hindutva in Bollywood Exploration of Hindu nationalism and image of Muslims in Hindi Cinema 2020-07-31T18:14:17+00:00 Noman Ahmed Ansari Osama Shafiq <p>With the beginning of the 21st century, the world tuned into a global village and with the advancement of new communication technologies, the boundaries among the nations shrunk. In the past few years, in many countries, the notion of nationalism arose and nations are using advanced communication means for the fulfillment of this purpose. Hindu nationalism or Hindutva has long historical roots and in contemporary times the rise of Hindu nationalism is the most discussed phenomenon among the scholars. Bollywood is the most watchable and rich entertainment industry which is growing not regionally but also reached a global level in the context of its audience. The purpose of this research is to find out the relationship between Hindutva, BJP and Hollywood and exploration of Hindu nationalism, the image of Islam and Muslims in Hindi movies. The main objective of this study is to examine how Hindi movies are encouraging Hindutva ideology, promoting Hindu nationalism and Hinduism and distorting the image of Muslims through its specific content. Concerned objectives of the study are achieved by the help of content analysis of four high grossed and top-rated Hindi movies: Bajirao Mastani, Padmaavat, Uri: The Surgical strike and Tanhaji. A high level of encouragement of Hindutva was found in the content of&nbsp;overall movies. Movies are portraying a negative image of Islam and Muslims while the promotion of Indian Nationalism is found at the third number.</p> 2020-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##