A Phenomenological Critique of Sayyid Ahmad Khan’s Conception of Reason

  • Hafiz Syed Husain


This paper expounds a critique of Sayyid Ahmad Khan’s conception of reason. Khan conceived reason (‘Aql) as a harmonious coordination of two of its aspects or sub-structures: ‘Aql-e-Insānī or ‘Aql-e-Kullī and Nūr-e-Qalb or Nūr-e-Fitrat. It is argued that these two perspectival conceptualizings of reason presume fundamental theses which disrupt any possibility of such coordination. By the method of comparison and analysis predominantly motivated by phenomenological methodology, this investigation explains how these fundamental presuppositions disrupt the proposed coordination along three descriptive contours: (i) reason-in-itself, (ii) the goal of reason, and (iii) the directedness of reason. The purpose of this study is to develop an understanding of the problem of reason which can philosophically set the possibility of limited and scrutinized mutual critical reevaluations between secular and Islamic sciences

How to Cite
Husain, H. S. (2019). A Phenomenological Critique of Sayyid Ahmad Khan’s Conception of Reason. Al Tafseer - Biannual Journal, 33(1). Retrieved from https://al-tafseer.org/index.php/at/article/view/72